The Maidenhair Fern emits a lovely fragrance, which decorates rooms, gardens and balconies as a standing or hanging plant. The pretty contrast between the evergreen leaves and the dark stems puts a colorful accent into any room or outdoor area.
Originally native to tropical rain regions, the Maideanhair Fern now feels comfortable almost anywhere both in gardens or containers indoors or on your porch or balcony.
Keep in mind not all varieties are winter proof.
The Maidenhair Fern is very undemanding, but there still is a certain need for care in order for it to grow healthy and robust for many years. Below are detailed care instructions that explain what you should pay attention to. If followed correctly the Maidenhair Fern will have a long life with lustrous growth.
In order to support the growth of the maidenhair fern which originates from the humid tropics, you should choose a suitable place for it. The temperature and light conditions are important.
This fern loves the morning and evening sun! Try not to expose it to bright midday sun as it will quickly show brown leaves. It feels most comfortable in a half-shady place outside, beneath the shelter of trees. To make sure it grows evenly, ensure light intensity from all sides.
When grown inside near windows with a southward or westward direction are ideal. Again, to ensure all sides receive light rotate it every now and then. Try a rotary plate! This is an ideal choice for the maidenhair fern to be moved every three to four days. Electric turn tables are commercially available, but even a simple Lazy Susan will do the trick as long as you don't mind the minimal work.
Warm wind is no problem for the maidenhair fern. Like many plants, it is sensitive to cold drafts. It should be exposed to constant temperatures between 18 degrees Celsius and 25 degrees Celsius (60 - 80 degrees F). Remember, only frost resistant varieties can
Aside from that, the Mmaidenhair Fern prefers a humid ambient air of at least 60 percent. It should not be placed above heaters, from which dry air arise. Optimal is a location near an aquarium or indoor fountain. Washrooms are ideal locations as well!
Let's talk soil! The Maiednhair Fern is sensitive so you may want to avoid using conventional potting soil. Consider using a high-quality substrate. It should be rich in nutrients and additionally include amounts of peat in order to provide a humous and loose basis.
If you still want to use conventional potting soil, you should add sand or pearlite.
Big and substantial maidenhair ferns should be put in a clay-containing substrate. The clay provides more stability and stores more moisture.
The optimal time for planting or re-potting is between the end of March and the end of April.
Outside, frost sensitive varieties of the Maidenhair Fern should not be planted any earlier than early summer. The night temperatures are warmer.
Frost resistant varieties can be planted in the soil at any time between spring and late summer. However, a Maidenhair Fern will be stronger
in growth, more robust to cold temperatures and less vulnerable to diseases and frost damage when planted in May. This provides enough time for it to get used to the new environment and it will be able to survive the winter easier.
PLANTING IN GARDENS
Maidenhair Ferns tend to grow abundantly so a sufficient planting distance is necessary.
The following suggestions should be kept in mind then planting in gardens:
the planting distance should be at least 1/2 of the perimeter
the plant hole should be at least twice as deep as the root ball
place quartz sand, gravel or clay fragments on the ground of the plant hole to prevent soggy soil
loosened soil, free from weeds and root residues, improves the permeability
adding peat, compost or leaf mold improves the nutrient content of the soil
if the surface of the soil is covered with gravel, moisture will remain longer in the area around the root
PLANTING IN CONTAINERS
Ideally this fern must be re-potted as soon as the first roots penetrate the soil’s surface. To do this take the maidenhair fern out of the pot and shorten the roots by at least a third. When replanting you should use a new high-quality substrate. Always follow the directions on the label.
If the fern is left in a high humidity area you will have to water less. If the humidity is low the leaves should be sprayed with water daily.The Maidenhair Fern prefers a constant moist, but does not like soggy soil.
With this fern always remember less is more! Too much fertilizer will cause more damage than good. Use a liquid fertilizer at half concentration. Always follow the directions on the fertilizer of your choice!