Did you know, succulents are a group of plants that store water in their leaves?
How cool is that! Their leaves tend to be thick and fleshy. Succulents tend to thrive in dry climates and don’t like a lot of humidity. They come in astounding variety of sometimes bizarre shapes, colors, and unique features
While cactus are by definition succulents, they are often referred to separately from other succulents. Succulents include a wide variety of genus and species and therefore come in a variety of colors, shapes, and textures.
See below and learn how to properly care for your succulent plants!
These plants are beautiful and nearly indestructible. They have adapted to survive arid conditions throughout the world, from Africa to the deserts of North America. This adaptive mechanism has resulted in a captivating variety of leaf forms and plant shapes. Everything from tiny rosettes, to trailing columns of teardrop leaves.
No matter what kind of succulent you're growing, the rules are pretty similar
and standard for all.
Succulents LOVE prefer bright light! A south-facing window would make a happy home for you succulent plant. Their leaves are a good indication that
the light level is correct. Some species will scorch if suddenly exposed to direct sunlight. The leaves will turn brown or white as the plant bleaches out and the soft tissues are destroyed. If your succulent doesn't have enough light it will begin to stretch, with an elongated stem and widely spaced leaves. One can
fix this by providing better light and to prune the plant back to its original shape.
Good news, many succulents will thrive outdoors in the summer.
Succulents are much more cold-tolerant than many people assume. As in the desert, where there is often a marked contrast between night and day, succulents thrive in colder nights, down to even 4 degrees C (40 degrees F). Succulents prefer daytime temperatures between 21 - 29 degrees C ( 70 - 85 degrees F). and nighttime temperatures between 10 - 13 degrees C (50 - 55 F).
Let's talk water...succulents should be watered generously in the summer. The potting mix should be allowed to dry between waterings, but do not underwater. During the winter, when the plants go dormant, cut watering back to once every other month. Over watering and ensuing plant rot is the single most common cause of plant failure. Be aware, though, that an over watered succulent might at first plump up and look very healthy. However, the cause of death may have already set in underground, with rot spreading upward from the root system. A succulent should never be allowed to sit in water.
Succulents that have been given too much water will be soft and discolored. The leaves may lose their colour or even turn white. A plant in this condition may be beyond repair. Try to remove it from the pot and inspect the roots. If they are brown and rotted, cut away dead roots and transplant into drier potting media. You may also try take a cutting and propagate the parent plant.
Spring and summer are the peak growing times for succulents. At this time they prefer generous water during this time. If your succulent doesn't have enough water it will stop growing. Then it will shed its leaves. Another indication your plant doesn't have enough water are brown spots that will begin to form on the leaves.
Always plant your succulent in a mixture that is fast draining and specifically designed for cacti and succulents. If you cannot find a specialized mix you will want to modify your normal potting mix by adding something like perlite. This increases drainage and aeration. Succulents have shallow roots that will form what appears to be a dense mat just under the soil surface.
Feel free to fertilize your succulent during the summer grow season. Choose a fertilizer as you would with other houseplants. Always follow the directions on your the fertilizer you choose and stop fertilizing all together during the winter.